The Jurassic Park and Jurassic World movies always try to top each other the one way they know best: more dinosaurs, new dinosaurs, cooler dinosaurs. The latest film in the franchise, Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, is no exception to that rule and included some familiar faces and some newcomers to the scene.
We thought we’d give you a quick guide to all those (real) scaly faces from the film.
We see a grand total of one juvenile Allosaur in Fallen Kingdom. Although physically similar to a Tyrannosaurus Rex, they are smaller, thought to be faster, and have more developed forearms with three fingers instead of just two.
This is the first flesh-and-blood appearance of such a dinosaur in this franchise.
These big herbivores are instantly recognizable because they’re built like tanks! They’re heavily armored with bone plates and spikes and they’ve got a big club on their tail. The downside is that, like a turtle, their bellies were considerably less protected.
In previous Jurassic Park/World films they’re portrayed as much more aggressive towards humans than other similar herbivorous dinosaurs. Last year, an impressive mummified specimen of a type of Ankylosaur made great waves in the scientific community.
These sauropods are probably the most recognizable dinosaurs out there. You’ve got a big body, long neck, long tail, there it is. When Apatosaurus was discovered, it was confused with Brontosaurus and the two species were conflated… until 2015, when it was determined that they were, in fact, two different species.
Michael Crichton suggested large sauropods were warm blooded in The Lost World. The theory never made it to the movies, but it has gained some traction in the scientific communities and is no longer as controversial as it once was.
Before anyone gives me flak about this, I will admit that I do not know if the dinosaur that attacks Claire Dearing (Bryce Dallas Howard) and Franklin Webb (Justice Smith) when they’re attacked in the control room was actually a Baryonyx.
It has the right body shape, but its claws looked off. The Baryonyx has unusually large, curved claws on its forearms which I didn’t really catch in the film. Still, this wouldn’t be the first time they fudged a dinosaur’s biology for these films (see Velociraptor).
These are familiar dinosaurs; this is the first dinosaur species Ellie Sattler (Laura Dern), Alan Grant (Sam Neill), and Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) saw in the first Jurassic Park.
These sauropods were once thought to be the tallest dinosaurs ever, but they’ve since given up that title to another species of sauropod, Giraffatitan, which was mistaken for a Brachiosaur when first discovered.
Carnotaurs make their debut in Fallen Kingdom, though they were in The Lost World, Michael Crichton’s written sequel to his smash hit of a book and first movie. He imagines them as having similar color-changing abilities as chameleons, but the carnotaurs in the film don’t exhibit this ability and are much more aggressive than he imagined.
They’re known for their bull-like horns over their eyes, and the somewhat stubby look of their forearms and body.
Compsognathuses aren’t really around in the first film, but they’ve made an appearance in all films after. If you ever had dinosaur books as a kid, these are most likely the ones they talked about when they said, “some dinosaurs were the size of chickens.”
In the first Jurassic World book they’re described as having a mildly venomous bite that affects the victim as a mild narcotic might, resulting in a chilling scene where a character sits down and accepts his death easily, as the venom begins working its way through their bloodstream.
These little guys are sort of like the rats of the series. They clean up everybody’s messes.
Gallimimus are medium-sized, bipedal dinosaurs that resemble plucked ostriches. In this film series, they are usually seen stampeding or getting eaten by the local T-Rex.
Their name literally translates to “chicken mimic” in Latin (Gallus) and Greek (Mimus).
If that’s too much of a mouthful, you can just say Parasaur! These duck-bill dinosaurs are also usually seen stampeding, whether in the second movie as they break away from the poachers, or in the third movie because they were startled.
In the two Jurassic World films, they appear to have calmed down a little, despite everything. They’re known for their unusual head crests, which many scientists believe acted as airwaves for calls and other noises, as well as a potential attractor for mates.
As you may have guessed by the name, the Sinoceratops is a cousin of the Triceratops. Unlike its cousin, it has no horns above its eyes, and has a much bigger frill that has miniature horns and spikes on it.
However, it seems as if the holes shown in its frill are not commonly accepted by many scientists at all. This is the series debut of this dinosaur, though we suspect that its more famous cousin will remain the favorite in the ceratopsian family.
Ah yes–the poster child for the “dumb” dinosaur. Scientists used to think that this dinosaur had such a small brain that it needed a second, auxiliary brain to control the back half of its body, though that theory doesn’t seem to be as popular nowadays.
Although Stegosaurs are the impressive introduction to dinosaur life in The Lost World: Jurassic Park, they are just kind of background characters in this Fallen Kingdom.
A Pachycephalosaurus by any other name would be just as likely to heabutt a brick wall until it breaks. Although this dinosaur is a part of the Pachycephalosaur family, there’s some debate as to whether it is its own species or the juvenile of another member of the family.
There have been the more commonly known Pachycephalosaurus hanging around the island in previous movies, but they didn’t make the auction block. Why get a regular head-butting dinosaur when you could get one with terrifying spikes instead?
These guys have been seen or at least mentioned in every single movie and book in this franchise. A baby Triceratops to be ridden by the kids in first movie was originally planned, but due to pacing issues was ultimately cut. However, a baby Triceratops made the cut in Fallen Kingdom and boy, is he a cutie!
In the original Jurassic Park book, the sick dinosaur that delays the adults on the initial tour was a sick Stegosaurus; Steven Spielberg opted for a sick Triceratops in the movie instead. Why? Um… That’s a good question.
There has been a T-Rex in every single Jurass Park/World movie, and you know what? That T-Rex from the very first Jurassic Park movie is the same one in the two Jurassic World movies.
We’ve also gotten to see some other T-Rexes acting as responsible parents (The Lost World: Jurassic Park) and… getting killed by Spinosaurus. In the second book (The Lost World) there’s a chilling scene where a loving mama T-Rex brings a still living human victim to her nest so her chicks can practice killing prey. Yikes.
On loan from Universal Studios at the #peabodymuseum , one velociraptor model from Jurassic Park. Michael Crichton actually contacted the museum when doing research for his book, though his velociraptor bears more resemblance to the deinonychus than to real life velociraptors. #jurassicpark #michaelcrichton #Yale #velociraptor #deinonychus #dinosaur #jurassicworld
Buckle in: these guys are rockstars of this series, but the Velociraptors in this series are the stuff of imagination. Real-life Velociraptors averaged less than two feet tall but were a surprising 6-7 feet long. They were feathered, which was toyed with in Jurassic Park III, but ultimately was scrapped, being that it was already established in previous movies that the in-movie (and book!) raptors weren’t.
The Velociraptors of the books and movies more closely resemble Deinonychus, a species of theropod dinosaur featured at the Peabody Museum in New Haven, Connecticut, where Crichton conducted a good deal of research and fact-checking for the book that started it all. Coincidence? I think not.
Mosasaur and Pteranodon
What’s that? Lumping these two together? Why, it’s because neither are actually dinosaurs, merely reptiles and lizards that were living at the same time as the dinosaurs and eventually fell prey to the same extinction events.
Working together, they’ve created some of the most memorable scenes in the Jurassic World movies.
So there you have it: your guide to the (real) dinos and non-dinos of everyone’s favorite amusement parks. Check out our review of Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom, which is out in theatres now.